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Perfect for your shade or woodland gardens,
Trilliums make a spectacular early spring show. They all love soil rich in organic matter, but well drained. They will not tolerate soggy soil.
Trilliums come in two basic group, sessile and pedicellate.
Sessile triliums hold their flower directly on top of the foliage. See Trillium recurvatum.
Pedicellate trilliums have a stem holding the flower above the foliage. See Trillium grandiflorum.
Whatever your preference (we love them all!), We think you will be delighted by these plants as they emerge to signal spring has finally arrived.
Trilliums grow well in USDA Hardiness Zones 4-8.
Pedicellate - Trillium grandiflorum has a somewhat less than clever common name, "Great White Trillium". But do not be fooled, this is a fabulous trillium. Beautifully textured leaves and a large white flower. Though slow to multiply, we find this to be one of the easiest trilliums to grow and love it dearly.
Native to eastern North America from Quebec to Alberta all the way south to Georgia and Alabama.
Sessile - Trillium cuneatum, AKA Sweet Betsy, is a truly wonderful plant. Brownish maroon flowers held directly on top of mottled foliage.
The dark side of me loves the alternate common name, Bloody Butcher, refering to the flower's blade shaped reddish petals. Kind of greusome, in a fun sort of way.
Sessile - Trillium recurvatum is also known as the Prairie Trillium. Its red, recurved flower petals over somewhat norrow, mottled leaves are a treat to see each spring. T. recurvatum is native to the mid-west and east coast of the United States.
Similar to T. cuneatum, this one has the common name 'Bloody Butcher'. It also goes by 'Bloody Noses' and until someone tells me otherwise, I am going to believe it got that particular epithet after an unscrupulous gardener unsuccessfully tried to steal it from another garden.
Sessile - Trillium luteum, cleverly know as the "Yellow Trillium" is one of our favorites (aren't they all?). As you might surmise, T. luteum has yellow flowers held on top of beautifully mottled foliage. Some people claim it has a "faint lemon scent" and I agree, though I admit it may just be that the bright yellow flowers remind me of tropical places.
T, luteum is native to the southeast part of the United States.
Pedicellate - Trillium sulcatum, or Rainbow Wakerobin, has the best colored flower of the trilliums we grow. "Rainbow" is a good monicker as the flowers can be red, maroon, pink or cream. The foliage is textured green and glorious with the flower held well above the foliage.
Native to the southeast of the United States.
For you plant geeks out there, the epithet "sulcatum" is from the Latin "sulcus" meaning forrowed and refers to the sulcate tips of the flower's sepals.
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